Home | Study Hour | Word Dose | Doomed at birth!

Doomed at birth!

  What an excellent example of the power of dress, young Oliver Twist was! Wrapped in the blanket which had hitherto formed his only covering, he might have been the child of a nobleman or a beggar; it would have been hard for the haughtiest stranger to have assigned him his proper station in society.  

But now that he was enveloped in the old calico robes which had grown yellow in the same service, he was badged and ticketed, and fell into his place at once— a parish child—the orphan of a workhouse—the humble, half-starved drudge—to be cuffed and buffeted through the world—despised by all, and pitied by none. Oliver cried lustily. If he could have known that he was an orphan, left to the tender mercies of church-wardens and overseers, perhaps he would have cried the louder.

Excerpt from Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens  

  1. Hitherto – hith -er-too – (adverb)
  2. Haughtiest – haw-tee-est – (adjective)
  3. Assigned – uh-sahyn-d – (verb)
  4. Station – stey-shuh n – (noun)
  5. Calico – kal-i-koh (noun)
  6. Badged – baj-d – (verb)
  7. Ticketed – tik-it-d – (verb)
  8. Parish – par-ish – (noun)
  9. Workhouse – wurk-hous – (noun)
10. Humble – huhm-buh l – (adjective)
11. Drudge – druhj – (noun)
12. Cuffed – kuhf-d – (verb)
13. Buffeted – buhf-iet-ed – (verb)
14. Despised – dih-spahyz-d – (verb)
15. Pitied – pit-ee-d – (verb)
16. Lustily – luhs-tee-ly – (adverb)
17. Tender mercies
18. Wardens – wawr-dn s – (noun)
19. Overseers – oh-ver-see-er s – (noun)
a.   One’s social rank or position.
b.   A type of cotton cloth, typically plain white or unbleached.
c.   Persons who supervise others, especially workers.
d.   Marked with a label for a specified state or position.
e.   A public institution, (mostly in the UK), in which the destitute of a parish received board and lodging in return for work.
f.   Marked with a feature or sign which reveals a particular quality.
g.   Of low social, administrative, or political rank.
h.   Being struck with an open hand by someone, especially on the head.
i.   Afflicted by difficulties. Knocked around by fate over a long period.
j.   (In the Christian Church) a small administrative district typically having its own church and a priest or pastor.
k.   Arrogantly superior and extremely disdainful.
l.   A person made to do hard menial or dull work.
m.   A phrase that expresses cruelty with an undertone of sarcasm.
n.   Until now or until the point in time under discussion.
o.   In a strong vigorous way/ Loudly or forcefully.
p.   Persons responsible for the supervision of a particular place or activity or for enforcing the regulations associated with it.
q.   Feel sorrow for the misfortunes.
r.   Attribute something or someone as belonging to; to classify in a social category.
s.   Feel contempt or a deep repugnance for/ Hated or looked down upon.


1. n 2. k 3. r 4. a 5. b
6. f 7. d 8. j 9. e 10. g
11. l 12. h 13. i 14. s 15. q
16. o 17. m 18. p 19. c